In addition to being directly beneficial for animal feed production, including these forage plants in your sowing schedule can either reduce or completely remove the need for mineral fertilizers through crop rotation, production of green manure, and nitrogen retention in the soil. We are optimizing soil usage and mechanization efficacy in our own fields through proper utilization of forage legumes.
Extra resistant to low temperatures, tolerant to drought and containing up to 21% protein, this alfalfa will yield 18-20 t of hay when you scythe it 4-5 times per year. Sow it at a depth of 2 cm and supply with 190 kg/ha of phosphorus fertilizers, enough for the alfalfa’s full lifespan. 2-3 days after you mow the 70-80 cm high plants, they’ll start growing again. Give them nitrogen fertilizers, to promote nitrogen fixation and improve the next swath.
In well broken-up and granular soil, sow red clover alone in the first half of September, manually or by machine, at 12-14 cm spacing, and then do harrowing and rolling. Fertilize it with around 50 kg/ha of nitrogen, 150 kg/ha phosphorus, and 200 kg/ha potassium, then scythe when the plants reach 50 cm. You can sow it in areas where alfalfa doesn’t grow, and with lower pH, and keep in mind that it’ll last you 2-3 years. After red clover is finished, sow field crops that will use nutrients left in the soil by the clover.